Women are the purest soul on earth. Love them, make them feel special. Fill every moment of their life with happiness & joy. Breast cancer patients require extra attention. Your warm gesture will make them forget the pain. Help women to fight against the deadliest disease. Your support can save the life of thousands.
Breast care asks for complete care and attention. Complete bed rest and stress-free environment help the patient feel touched. Patients need to travel away from home to get medication. Apart from medicines & regular exercise, patients are advised intake of nutritional diet. Heeling therapy largely saves the life. Come a step forward & help to cure.
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Women are the god’s gift. Nurture them with love and affection. Spend time with patients and give them a reason to smile. Your donations would help us cure cancer of economically weak patients. You can drop cheque, cash or simply swap your credit card at out office. Make your money worth for needy people.
Breast Cancer Health Center
Breast cancer is a disease that brings a halt in life. People should understand the symptoms, cause, and medication of the disease. Chemo therapy holds huge medicinal values in the process of healing. This therapy lowers the growth of cancer cells. The commonly used drugs in the therapy are cytotoxics. Medicines used in healing are produced from herbs. Breast cancer is the common type of disease found in women these days. In Australia, more than 15,000 women are detected with cancer every year. Breast cancer is spreading widely. Thus it became the second deadliest disease in the country. Social life and family attention help the patient cure at a fast pace. Be a family to someone and spread happiness around.
TYPES OF BREAST CANCER
This is the examination of fluid of a particular body part under microscope. The fluid is examined on the glass lid. This process signifies the exact condition of the tissues and their growth.
Hormone changes combine receptor. This cause changes in the beast cells. Estrogen receptor (ER), Progesterone receptor (PR) and HER 2 are the three receptors that might be found in the breast cancer cells.
Testing of DNA arrays separates normal cells from cancer cells in the breast.
The process of differentiating of normal breast cells with cancer cells in the breast is known as Grade. The appearance and shapes of the normal tissues and cancer tissues look completely different from each other. There are three types of Grades suggested by the laboratory.
1. Well differentiated referred as poor grade
2. Moderately differentiated referred as intermediate grade
3. Poorly differentiated referred as high grade
These grades suggest the difference between normal breast tissue and cancer cell tissues.
Breast cancer is divided in three stage system known as TNM. ‘T’ refers to size of the tumor, ‘N’ refers to the inspection of tumor in lymph nodes and ‘M’ refers to metastasize of tumor.
Metastasize describes weather the tumor has spread to other body organs or not.
The three stages involve:
Stage 0: This is the pre-cancer condition
Stage 1-3: Cancer cell grows within the breast or the lymph node
Stage 4: This is metastatic cancer. In this tumor spreads in other parts of the body.
WHAT IS BREAST CANCER
Cancer develops in the breast tissue is referred as breast cancer. The signs of breast cancer include:
• Change of the breast color • Dimpling of the skin • Discharge of red color fluid from the nipple • Swollen lymph nodes • Shortness of breath • Yellow skin
Factors responsible for the uprooting of breast cancer are obesity, consumption of alcohol, lack of physical activities and exercise. Breast cancer has more than ten sub-types. The most common type is Ductal Carcinomas. The growth of cancer cells in the ducts that supply milk is known as the Ductal Carcinomas.
The second type of breast cancer is Lobular Carcinomas. Cancer cells grown in the lobule of the breast is known as the Lobular Carcinomas.
The diagnosis starts after the biopsy. This examination draws the clear picture of the type of breast cancer, the size of the lump and the stage of the breast cancer.
SCREENING OF BREAST CANCER
The screening procedure is conducted at various screening and cancer center. This procedure is an evaluation of disease at an early stage. Those detected with cancer receive medication according to the stage of cancer.
Screening facility for women aging above 50 years is available free of cost at various screening and cancer centers across the country.
Self-breast exams, Clinical Screening, Mammography, Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging are the screening that detects breast cancer.
The self-breast exam is easy to carry out. You can feel the lump or swelling. Contact the doctors in case of these symptoms. Clinical screening is conducted by the medical team. The doctors look out for tissue growth in the area and prescribe medication accordingly. Mammography process includes X-ray of the breast area. It shows the condition of tissues inside the body. This course also detects minor problems surfaced inside the body due to the growth of cancer cells.
DIAGNOSIS OF BREAST CANCER
Breast cancer is diagnosed through two main procedures. One is mammography and the second is Biopsy.
The body undergoes through the X-ray machine in mammography. It shows the inside condition of the tissues. Biopsy on the other hand, offers medication from both inside and outside the body. A biopsy is called known as microscopic analysis of the body. Medical practitioners examine the fluid constrain of the lump on the microscope. This help in analysing the stage and growth of breast cancer.
The process of fluid collection is known as fine needle aspiration. This task is usually carried out in the laboratory or the clinic of the doctor. In some cases, anesthesia is given to the patients before starting the process.
Core biopsy is a surgery performed to carry out the lump. This action is also known as vacuum assisted breast therapy. Screening or mammography report suggests the working of core biopsy.
FOOD GUIDE FOR PATIENTS
Intake of nutritional food during breast cancer helps in getting over weakness and ill health. Sour mouth, bad taste and carving for tempting dishes are some of the problems patients suffer with. Make nutritional and tasty recipes from fruits & vegetables. And offer nutrition rich diet to the patient.
The breast cancer surgery depends on the stage, health and reoccurrence percentage of the disease. Therapies are the latter part of the surgery. The procedure of removing lymph manually is known as surgery. During the procedure doctors also remove the surrounding tissue of the cancer cells. There are three types of surgeries:
This process involves removal of the entire breast.
One–quarter portion of the breast is removed.
Small part of the breast is removed through this surgery
PROGNOSIS FOR BREAST CANCER
Breast cancer is found in both women and men. Change in hormones or breast tissues create lymph in the organ cause the disease. Patient and the family members go through a lot of trauma during the course. Prognosis helps in dealing with the situation. Prognosis refers to the survival chances of the patient. Prognosis of the patient differs from case to case. Progression-free-survival [PFS] and disease-free-survival probability [DFS] are calculated in this process.
Age, medical background, fitness and the type of breast cancer asses the prognosis. There are two types of prognosis.
• Long-term • Short-term
The common type of breast cancer usually offers long-term prognosis. If the cancer is limited to breast then the survival chance is expected to five years. The detection of the disease at an early stage increases the survival rate by a huge margin. However, breast cancer in lymph nodes marks less chance of survival.
Therapies involve before and after surgeries are known as
- Neoadjuvant Therapy is carried out before surgery
- Adjuvant Therapy is carried out after surgery
Therapies before surgery are usually not advised. Doctors go through the medical history, grade of cancer and prognosis of the patient, before advising therapy. There are three types of Adjuvant therapies.
Estrogen receptor is needed for the growth of cancer cells. The combination of Estrogen receptor (ER+) and Progesterone Receptors (PR+) occurrence on the surface is known as cancer. The ER+ cancer is medicated with drugs such as Tamoxifen, Aromatase inhibitor, and Anastrozole letrozole. The use of tamoxifen is prescribed for ten long years. Drugs prescription to women depends upon menopause.
Chemotherapy is highly recommended in the cases of breast cancer. Patients suffering from stage 2 and 4, get the benefit of the Estrogen receptor. This therapy last for a minimum of three months and maximum of six months. Chemotherapy act to destruct fast-growing cancer cells. This therapy has many side effects. The major drawback of the therapy is damage of heart muscles.
Trastuzumab, is a monoclonal antibody to HER2. This is the third type of receptor in the breast cancer cells. More than 90 per cent of people suffer from HER 2 breast cancer. Trastuzumab reduces the growth of cancer cells. This medicine is highly priced and also has side effects at large. HER 2 patients are the sole beneficiary of Transtuzumab medicine.
Radiotherapy is a post-surgery treatment to the organs suffering from tumor and lymph nodes. The radiations tear down tiny tumor cells left in the organ even after the surgery.